What is a reverse proxy server?

For a better understanding of what a reverse proxy is, let’s take a look at a forward proxy server and its functions. In a nutshell, a forward proxy server is a server that operates as a gateway accepting the data from the user’s computer and sending it to external servers masking the user’s IP address. People use such schemes to avoid site restrictions or to keep their online identities secret.
What a reverse proxy server does may look the same, but there is one significant nuance to be noticed. A reverse proxy server functions as a fence between the user’s computer and a site to make sure that there is no direct contact between the two. A reverse server receives data from the destination server and then redirects it to the user. Such a scheme is good for traffic balancing, DDoS protection, caching, and SSL encryption.

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